Podgorica (/ˈpɒdɡɒrɪtsə/ POD-gorr-ih-tsə; Montenegrin Cyrillic: Подгорица, pronounced [pǒdɡoritsa], lit. “[area] below Gorica [the name of a hillock overlooking the city]”) is the capital and largest city of Montenegro.
Between 1946 and 1992 – in the period that Montenegro formed, as the Socialist Republic of Montenegro, part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) – the city was known as Titograd (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Титоград, [tîtoɡraːd]) in honour of Josip Broz Tito.
Podgorica’s favourable position at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers and at the meeting-point of the fertile Zeta Plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has encouraged settlement. The city is close to winter ski-ing centres in the north and to seaside resorts on the Adriatic Sea.
Podgorica Municipality covers 10.4% of Montenegro’s territory and is home to 29.9% of the country’s population. It is the nation’s administrative centre and its economic, cultural, and educational focus.